Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

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Is helpful for people who prefer the psycho-education and more formal approach to problems. It is based on five areas; how the thoughts we have impact on our emotions, which cause a physical response followed by a behavioural activity of some kind. 

CBT has been rigorously researched and accepted by NICE guidelines as one of the most helpful ways of treating many problems including depression, anxiety, phobias, obsessive behaviours and trauma. Due to this the NHS invested many millions of pounds to provide a robust service to deliver this therapy. 

When first meeting with a therapist you will discuss the problem, you wish to work on and they will usually draw up a formulation of the problem on paper with you, you may reflect on history in terms of how you currently think or behave but it is not the primary focus for therapy. The problem is the goal for therapy. You will discuss the personal goals for therapy in terms of what you are not currently doing that you will be able to do when feeling better.

Each session you will generally have a discussion about the homework completed and your experience or learning from this, the therapist will guide you to the next part of the therapy. They will also be giving you information in relation to your issue and you will need to be able to follow this. If there are problems it is best to discuss ways you can work around it. For example, someone may have dyslexia, ADHD or just may find it hard to focus due to the symptoms of depression or anxiety. 

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